As the Ogre’s club came down on the simply clothed Wood Elf, the party called out in desperation at first, then in wonder. The Elf pivoted on the ball of his foot, flowing like water around the muscular arm and striking four times in quick succession. The first blow took the Ogre in the armpit, a nerve cluster coming under assault with a surgeon’s precision resulted in the Ogre’s body seizing up, unresponsive to its wishes. The party watched wide-eyed as the following combination of punches and kicks pummeled different vital spots, until a dull thud rang throughout the cave as the Ogre’s large frame collapsed on the floor. Monks are truly a spectacle in battle.
So, you’re interested in playing a Monk but you’re not really sure how to go about it, what tradition to choose, or perhaps you’re struggling to even pick out a race! Don’t worry, you’re in the right place; in this guide, I’ll take you through the Monk class and all of the supporting options you can choose to make sure you have the character you want. Whilst reading through this guide, you may find this article on jargon and this list of books (and their common abbreviations) helpful.
This Monk DnD 5E guide will evaluate each option for the Monk on a scale of 1-5– this is a rating of the abilities’ potency and overall usefulness, primarily focusing on combat. That said, I will still evaluate everything. This can aid you to weigh any choices you might be considering at a glance, helping you know what to expect and make changes accordingly if desired. The rating scheme is:
1 – Usually a bad choice, to be avoided 2 – Below average, this can apply to abilities that are powerful but very niche 3 – Average to Good, you won’t go wrong with it 4 – Very good 5 – Amazing, a must-have if there is such a thing
This rating system exists to best help you understand the effectiveness of all the options available to the Monk for you to build and enjoy your character. Remember though, your fun comes first; it’s actually very difficult to build a character that is entirely bad in 5E, so if you have a concept that doesn’t rate highly, you might still have fun playing it. This is a guide, not a contract written by Asmodeus. Let it advise you and not force you away from your own ideas.
It’s recommended to have your book/PDF/DnD Beyond page open to reference and follow along with the guide.
Hit Dice (3) – A d8 is pretty middle of the road, but on a martial it feels a little low.
Armor (3) – You don’t get any proficiencies, but wearing armor locks you out of abilities anyway.
Weapons (3) – In practice, all the proficiencies a Monk needs, but if you use TCoE optional rules, you will probably want to pick up additional weapons from elsewhere, like your race.
Tools (3) – Getting a tool choice at all is nice for roleplaying; grabbing Herbalism Kit can allow you to make Healing Potions cheaply.
Saving Throws (4) – Dex is an extremely common saving throw and is usually painful to fail. Str is actually a good weaker save to have, due to all of the prone/pull/push effects monsters can have.
Skills (3) – Nothing special here with only two choices, Stealth and Athletics are standouts.
Unarmored Defense (4) – This is pretty good overall, though you can’t use a shield and it’s MAD. The Wis you need is tied to some abilities and always a good score to bump regardless. Even with point buy, you can start with an AC of 16, and topping out at 20 is respectable, though not exactly impressive.
Martial Arts (5) – Your bread and butter. This allows you to use Dex instead of Str for your unarmed attacks and Monk weapons; Dex is arguably the most powerful stat in 5E, so this is a huge boon. The unarmed strike damage is better than standard 1 point and will scale decently as you level.
Ki (4) – It fuels most of what you do; the pool feels a little small in the early levels but that resolves itself around 5th level. You need to be aware of managing your Ki if your party is unable to short rest the recommended amount (1-2 per long rest, depending on the number of encounters).
Flurry of Blows (5) – A cheap way to get an additional attack, which will often have other abilities triggered by taking this bonus action.
Patient Defense (4) – This isn’t commonly used, in my experience, but when things are looking rough or your Monk wants to tank, it’s a fantastic and cheap ability– disadvantage is a powerful defense.
Step of the Wind (3) – Your Get Out of Dodge card as well as the finishing touch to your Flash costume. It likely won’t be used much, but a solid ability.
Unarmored Movement (3) – I’ve rated this average because how good it is really depends on your DM: if you play on maps with plenty of space, then you can leverage this nicely; if combat usually starts and stays in 30ft, then this is much more lackluster. Being able to parkour in later levels is pretty cool though.
Deflect Missiles (3) – A little niche, but a very nice defense against missile-based ranged attacks. Unless an enemy is likely to be killed by it, I don’t recommend spending the Ki to return fire.
Slow Fall (3) – Again niche, but nice in that it comes alongside an ASI and allows you to basically ignore fall damage for the most part. Pairs nicely with the 9th level improvement for Unarmored Movement.
Extra Attack (5) – The standard damage increase for most martials at this level, however, the Monk’s comes with an increase in the Martial Arts die size for a little extra oomph.
Stunning Strike (5) – This is an amazing ability: it’s cheap and stunning an enemy can entirely shift the direction of a combat. It’s a great way to burn through uses of Legendary Resistances too, just don’t neglect your Wisdom modifier!
Ki-Empowered Strikes (3) – This is a pretty important ability, but it’s passive and just really serves to allow the Monk to keep doing Monk things at higher levels.
Evasion (5) – Great on a Monk or Rogue, lets you laugh in the face of [some] danger, traps, and a number ofdragon’s breath weapons.
Stillness of Mind (4) – Being charmed or frightened can be very debilitating in combat (or worse, if you’re forced to fight your friends), so being able to auto end it is very nice. This rating would be lower if it was the only ability granted at this level, but when paired with Evasion, it makes a great defensive package.
Purity of Body (3) – This is rated average just because of how situational it is, but if your DM likes to use poison-heavy enemies like Drow and Purple Worms, then this rating goes to a 5.
Tongue of the Sun and Moon (3) – A nice ribbon ability that’s always on; I’d have ideally liked to see this a few levels earlier, though.
Diamond Soul (5) – Proficiency in all saving throws with the option to burn a ki to reroll a failure, is an amazing ability. Even your dump stats would have decent modifiers at the level this comes into play.
Timeless Body (2) – A ribbon. The no food or water thing would have been nice at earlier levels, but at 15th you shouldn’t be concerned with the basics of survival as a party anyway (this is also redundant if you chose to play a Warforged Monk).
Empty Body (5) – A fantastic ability: 4 Ki basically gets you Greater Invisibility (with none of the downsides), as well as resistance to everything but Force. The utility of Astral Projection is just the juicy cherry on top.
Perfect Self (2) – Whilst always having some Ki available to do Monk things with is a very 20th level Monk kind of ability, the reality is that unless your group doesn’t short rest but still fights a lot, you likely won’t need this. Even if you do need it, 4 Ki is very little at this level, not worth sticking to 20 levels for.
Optional Class Features (TCoE)
All of the optional features for the Monk in Tasha’s are additive, so you gain them without losing anything you get as a standard Monk.
Dedicated Weapon (4) – This is a straight upgrade to normal Monk weapons, opening up options like using a longsword for a D10, or taking a shortbow for ranged attacks. The whip is a great choice for this since your Martial Arts Die will replace its meager d4 and you gain reach in return. The only downside is needing to get proficiency outside the class, but this is very easy to do between races and multiclass dips.
Ki-Fueled Attack (4/5) – This is a nice upgrade to the standard Martial Arts bonus attack in early levels (and even later ones if you get a magic weapon), this ability is higher rated on classes like the Shadow Monk and Four Elements Monk, as it allows attacks alongside their casting. This ability can be triggered by using abilities like Stunning Strike and Focused Aim when attacking as well.
Quickened Healing (2) – This is about efficiency and worse case scenarios, the Ki to healing ratio is pretty terrible and that’s okay. The main purpose of this ability is to spend any leftover Ki before a short rest, saving you some hit dice. The option to heal yourself a little between fights is nice if there’s no other healing in the party at that time.
Focused Aim (5) – Getting a +2 to hit per Ki spent, without even needing a reaction is an amazing ability, made even better by allowing you to qualify for Ki-Fueled Attack.
Stats for Monks
It’s important to go through how pertinent each stat is for a Monk before we get into the nitty-gritty of the subclasses. This part of the guide will rate the stats in the game based on how good they are for a Monk, you may decide to use a build that relies on a stat rated lowly here, but that doesn’t mean your concept can’t work!
Strength (2) – There’s no need for Str on a Monk, so you can safely dump this stat unless you want to incorporate grappling heavily.
Dexterity (5) – Besides being a powerful stat all around, Dex is the key stat for the majority of Monks. I’d recommend maxing Dex before Wis, in general.
Constitution (3) – Everyone needs some Con, especially a martial. Unfortunately, Monks can’t afford a high Con (unless you roll highly for stats). I’d advise aiming for a +2 here, try to not go lower than a +1.
Intelligence (1) – An uncommon save and no real use on a Monk unless you want to be good at a particular skill or make an unusual multiclass. Or, showing up the know-it-all wizard in your party, I suppose.
Wisdom (5) – Key for your AC, save DCs, some subclass abilities, and, of course, the normal Perception and Wis saves (usually very punishing saves to fail).
Charisma (2) – There’s no real need for Cha on a Monk for combat; I’ve rated this higher than Int because there’s no reason you can’t have good social skills if you want to. Personally, I try to not go lower than a 10 with non-Cha-based characters.
Monastic Traditions (Subclasses)
What subclass you choose can greatly change how you Monk, so it’s important you consider how this affects your choices (stat placement, ASIs, Ki spending, etc.). For each subclass, I’ll also note how heavily they use Ki. Going in order of publication:
Open Hand (Low Ki)
A Monk that focuses on improving the unarmed strikes of Flurry of Blows with control effects. A great subclass for your standard martial artist concept. Despite the name, you’re best off using a weapon to maximize your damage on your main attacks for most of the game. I would try and leave yourself at least 1 Ki per fight so you can flurry in every combat, as the levels go up you’ll be able to afford to spam Stunning Strike attempts.
Open Hand Technique (5) – No actual Ki cost, this just gives more value to your Flurry, trying to knock prone for advantage and denying reactions so you can leverage your higher move speed to escape, are great tactics.
Wholeness of Body (3) – A good self-heal ability, mostly useful for keeping yourself topped up between fights but can save you from going down if needed. Useful but overall lackluster.
Tranquility (2) – This is only good for protecting you from Surprise attacks and ending up low in initiative, since attacking anyone will end Sanctuary and the subclass doesn’t give you anything else to do.
Quivering Palm (5) – This is an amazing ability with an incredibly long duration once set up. Constitution is usually a good save for creatures, especially at this level, but 3 Ki and an action for 10d10 damage is fantastic.
Shadow (Potentially High Ki)
The subclass of choice for a ninja or Nightcrawler style build, your Ki use will depend on how heavily you use your spells, which itself can depend on the type of enemies your DM uses.
Shadow Arts (4) – A great selection of spells for party-wide stealth. I would suggest casting conservatively unless you’re fighting enemy casters, otherwise, you will run out of Ki quickly. Darkness is a great way to set up your own Shadow Step– you can even cast it above the battlefield and drop down out of it.
Shadow Step (3) – This is a great ability but potentially very situational, as long as you can leverage dim light or Darkness regularly, then this rating increases to a 4. Excellent in combat for getting into melee with advantage or getting out of there if things are going badly, great for scouting out of combat, and feeling cool all of the time.
Cloak of Shadows (2) – A good scouting ability, but can be defeated by a simple torch unless you’re in magical darkness, which, unfortunately, the subclass doesn’t give you a way to see through.
Opportunist (3) – This isn’t a bad ability, especially since it gets you another chance to stun and costs you no Ki, but in my opinion, it isn’t a particularly good subclass capstone.
Four Elements (Very High Ki)
If you’re an Avatar: The Last Air Bender fan, then this is for you, giving you access to elemental abilities and spells. If you aren’t a fan, well, maybe you should think about your life choices. This subclass suffers from high Ki dependency, so you’ll have to be conservative with casting in earlier levels. If your DM allows TCoE optional rules, Ki Fueled Attack is a significant buff for this subclass, allowing you to attack as a bonus after casting, even with a bow (if you can get proficiency for it to be a Dedicated Weapon).
As this subclass doesn’t have separate abilities like other subclasses, instead I will go through the various Elemental Disciplines:
Breath of the Winter (2) – If you need a huge AOE, this isn’t a terrible option, especially if your party is lacking other options. If you already picked up Flames of the Phoenix, then you may be better off with a wall giving option for some control and longevity out of this huge amount of Ki.
Clench of the North Wind (3) – Hold Person is the kind of spell that can completely change the direction of a fight, nothing says ‘we win’ like a Flurry of crits, right? This doesn’t rate higher because it’s quite likely you’ll end up fighting monsters who aren’t viable targets.
Elemental Attunement (4) – You don’t really have a choice in taking this one, but a bunch of no-Ki minor effects lets you actually feel like a master of the elements, rather than a Monk that can just cast some costly spells. Obviously not rated for combat!
Eternal Mountain Defense (2) – If you have a way to skirmish or to reliably attack at range, this is good for casting on someone else. Relying on something concentration-based to be a tank yourself when you don’t have Con save proficiency, is not a good idea.
Fangs of the Fire Snake (4) – The only downside to this discipline is the fire type, otherwise it’s nothing but hot molten gravy. It’s cheap, extends your reach significantly (style points if you’re a Bugbear), and lasts your entire turn– meaning your bonus attacks benefit for no action economy cost!
Fist of Four Thunders (3) – Thunderwave is a good early-level spell that gives you some potential control. This won’t age very well, though, so if you’re looking to go to higher levels keep that in mind and maybe swap it out later on.
Fist of Unbroken Air (2) – I like this discipline, but, unfortunately, Str is not usually a weak stat for monsters and it’s only a single target effect. The damage is pretty decent and save for half damage, so if this catches your attention, don’t be completely discouraged.
Flames of the Phoenix (4) – It’s Fireball; at this level it’s not particularly great, but at the level you can grab this discipline you can cast it 6 times a day with Ki leftover (assuming 2 short rests).
Gong of the Summit (3) – It doesn’t have the push of Thunderwave, but the range on Shatter makes it a great ranged option for you.
Mist Stance (1) – Maybe if you have a very specific theme or need, but with disciplines and Ki so limited, Gaseous Form just isn’t worth it in general.
Ride of the Wind (3) – Being able to make yourself fly, especially in Tier 3+, is a great and sometimes needed bit of utility. Unfortunately, you can’t cast it on anyone else but hopefully, they have their own solutions at this point.
River of Hungry Flame (2) – Walls are a good bit of control, but relying on a fire type at this high a level doesn’t seem like a wise move unless you at least have Elemental Adept (fire).
Rush of the Gale Spirits (1) – Maybe if you’re looking to work with a Druid casting Spike Growth, but a very narrow area of effect, with no damage, and it targets Str? No thank you.
Shape of the Flowing River (2) – This is actually pretty cool, fairly cheap at one Ki point, and essentially Shape Water on steroids. Sadly, with how limited disciplines are, it’s hard to justify except in water-heavy games.
Sweeping Cinder Strike (1) – Not great to start off with and will age poorly. You’re better off pickup up Fangs of the Fire Snake or Fist of Four Thunders.
Water Whip (4) – Why does this ability rate so highly? It’s cheap, scales damage decently, and gives you a bonus action that can knock an opponent prone. You can use this to knock someone prone and then follow up with your action attack(s) at advantage. That ought to whip ’em into shape!
Wave of Rolling Earth (4) – A good wall choice, providing an actual physical barrier. You can use it to protect party members or shape the battlefield to a more favorable position. The world is your oyster– or playdough set, in this case.
Sun Soul (Low-Med Ki)
If the Four Elements is your Aang, then this is your Goku, allowing you to mix martial arts with ranged bolts of energy, and eventually get your own cool, yellow aura. This is overall a great option for someone looking to seamlessly transition between melee and ranged combat, with options for handling AOE sprinkled in.
Radiant Sun Bolt (4) – Access to radiant damage and an at-will ranged option with (some) scaling is excellent and allows you to be a very versatile combatant. The option to Flurry with it is a nice burst of damage; if this gave a bonus action attack as standard it would be a 5. Maximum damage is not the aim of ability, and that’s okay.
Searing Arc Strike (3) – Yeah that’s right, a Burning Hands-based ability rated a 3. Being able to cast an AOE as a bonus action (potentially after stunning with the attack action) is a great ability as long as you aren’t coming up against too many fire-immune creatures, sorry BG:DiA fans!
Searing Sunburst (3) – This is basically a scaling, radiant Fireball that at its weakest is at-will, which ability would be rated higher if the save wasn’t Con based, and/or the base damage was a little higher.
Sun Shield (2) – Reaction damage is nice, it being radiant is even better, but at best 10 damage is very poor for a 17th level ability.
Long Death (Low Ki Initially, High Ki at high levels)
This Monk is intended to be your takes a lickin’ and keeps on tickin’ martial artist, with core features emphasizing durability. I think this subclass falls short of this moniker at anything before 11th level, and only achieves it at the expense of Ki hoarding to keep you up.
Touch of Death (2) – I like temp hp and the calculation for this ability is very favorable, but it relies solely on getting the killing blow within 5ft range. This makes it unreliable at best and incompatible with a Dedicated Weapon whip choice, or any ranged kills you may get. At least the temp hp doesn’t have a fixed duration.
Hour of Reaping (2) – A 30ft aura centered on yourself is rather large and the frightened condition is a good debuff. The problem comes with how easy it’d be to catch your allies in this aura, and later how fairly common frightened immunity becomes amongst some monsters. This is best used as a fight opener, running ahead of your party to attempt it.
Mastery of Death (3) – This is a pretty great ability for avoiding your own death no doubt, cheap too! So why the 3? It comes online late and encourages you to hoard a few Ki ‘just in case,’ instead of spending them to avoid needing the ability to begin with. If you need to use this ability frequently, then there’s probably an issue at play somewhere.
Touch of the Long Death (4) – Good damage type, nice damage potential, but Con saves aren’t ideal at this level and this is very Ki-hungry to actually be a better option than just attacking three times for free. A good burst damage option for when it’s needed. Watch out for the coo-ki monster, though!
Drunken Master (Med Ki)
This subclass delivers on the ‘drunken’ style that can be seen in the media by the likes of Jackie Chan in the Forbidden Kingdom, and occasionally Rock Lee in Naruto. This style favors skirmishing and throwing yourself into crowds, with fun roleplay opportunities along the way.
Bonus Proficiencies (3) – This is just fun really; Performance and Brewer’s Supplies are a great RP accompaniment to this subclass.
Drunken Technique (4) – This is an ability you have to play around to get good use of, but when you do it’s very effective. It turns you into an even more mobile Monk, perfect for skirmishing on the front line, even if you don’t have the AC and HP to stay there.
Tipsy Sway (3) – Leap to Your Feet is more for the aesthetic than anything, but a decent minor perk. Redirect attack is a good ability, but it requires you to stay amongst the enemy, directly counter to what Drunken Technique encourages you to do.
Drunkard’s Luck (3) – A nice buff/defense, but if you have disadvantage on an attack, you likely have it on all of them. Two Ki is a bit too expensive, in my opinion.
Intoxicated Frenzy (2) – This provides a lot of mileage out of Flurry of Blows, but is only as useful as your DM is inclined to use larger groups. It’s supported by the extra movement and disengage of Drunken Technique, so remember you can move between strikes as long as you have some movement speed left. An overly situational and fairly weak capstone, but it is thematic. Still, you might just be better off with a non-alcoholic ale.
Kensei (Low-Med Ki)
The weapon master Monk. Their role has been somewhat encroached upon by Dedicated Weapon, but they still hold their title. They excel in AC tanking, ranged attacks, and general weapon use.
I’ll address the aspects of Path of the Kensei separately in the ratings.
Kensei Weapons (5) – This facilitates the rest of the class and gives you proficiency in weapons you don’t normally get as a Monk. Longsword and Longbow are good choices here, the whip is also a worthy choice for skirmishing, but lower damage.
Agile Parry (5) – An at-will +2 to AC in exchange for making one of your attacks with an unarmed strike is an excellent deal and pushes this Monk ahead of all others for AC for most of the game.
Kensei’s Shot (4) – An added 1d4 to ranged attacks makes you a very capable archer, especially if using Focused Aim. This would be a 5 if it scaled off your Martial Arts die; as written, it falls off at later levels.
Way of the Brush (3) – Again, this is just fun, and the perfect opportunity to channel your inner Samurai as a Monk. Or play Sokka from Avatar, boomerangs are ranged weapons after all.
One with the Blade (4) – No matter how the loot is, your weapons count as magical for the unlucky critters on the other end of them. Deft Strike is a nice damage bump, great for adding dice to crits.
Sharpen the Blade (4) – Unless you have a +3 weapon, this ability is nice for bumping your effectiveness in tougher fights, or making you an even better archer. Remember to keep a mundane weapon on hand to use it with.
Unerring Accuracy (5) – You get to reroll a Monk (Kensei) weapon attack once a turn, if you can also use Focused Aim, you’ll only be missing at really high ACs or if the dice gods have forsaken you!
Mercy (Med Ki)
The Way of Mercy serves the role of the healing Monk subclass, as well as providing a decent damage bump to keep it competitive damage-wise. This is a subclass that doesn’t tie you to Flurry of Blows like Open Hand and Drunken Master, rather it gives you incentives to Flurry whilst doing your thing. As for the amount of healing Mercy is capable of, I would consider this a combat medic, excellent at picking people up and topping them off but you shouldn’t rely on it for big heals. It is, however, very competent at dealing with conditions from 6th onwards, and I think a Mercy Monk would be more than enough healer for some parties, especially if someone takes the Healer feat.
Implements of Mercy (4) – Extra proficiencies are always nice and the ones we get here are generally more useful than some of the other subclasses provide. Medicine and Herbalism Kit help make you feel like an actual physician, and the possibility to create healing potions at half cost with the kit, makes this pretty good.
Hand of Healing (4) – What makes this ability a 4? Being able to bonus action heal someone whilst still getting a bonus action attack in– the healing formula is pretty nice and reliable thanks to your Wis mod being included. Is this the best healing ability? No, but it’s cheap, has a great action economy, and fits the subclass excellently.
Hand of Harm (4) – In some ways, this is a better version of the Kensei’s Deft Strike as it’s your Martial Arts Die + your Wis mod, balanced by it being necrotic and relying on unarmed strikes. A nice damage bump when you need it.
Physician’s Touch (5) – This is a straight enhancement to your hand abilities, the poisoned condition is a great debuff rider (provided the creature isn’t immune), and being able to remove a wide array of conditions really solidifies this subclass as a full-on healer, rather than a small source of extra hp.
Flurry of Healing and Harm (5) – As we get into Tier 3, you can now churn out even more healing. Being able to use Hand of Healing twice for a single Ki point, or even use it four times in a single turn if things have gotten really bad. Getting Hand of Harm for free on a Flurry attack is a nice bit of Ki conservation, but also serves to make up for the damage you lose trading one of the blows out for a heal. Why is this a 5? It makes you better at what you’re meant to do, whilst allowing you to stretch your Ki further to do it even more.
Hand of Ultimate Mercy (5) – Being able to revive someone from death is a great ability for a healer. Why a 5? Whilst this isn’t the best reviving ability/effect in the game, it balances a decent window (24 hours), with a fair amount of revived hp, all for a pretty low amount of Ki. You can only do this once a day, but with Ki being a short rest resource, if someone dies in a fight, you’re just an hour away from bringing them back if you’re out of Ki. That’s a bargain!
Astral Self (High Ki)
The Way of the Astral Self allows you to summon bits of your astral body to enhance you, but most notably, it allows you to be a Monk that focuses on Wis over Dex. The Ki cost for this subclass is unavoidable, you need to spend Ki to summon at least your arms, which, at early levels, will leave you with Ki for little else, making multiclassing out of the one a tough deal.
Arms of the Astral Self (3) – Being able to use Wisdom for your attacks is great, getting reach is great, being able to Grapple with your Wisdom is great! So why a 3? This Monk is potentially a fantastic controller, especially with Stunning Strike, however, needing to burn a Ki point just to function as intended is rough. Once you get into mid-Tier 2, this should resolve itself, and the rating increases to a 4, as long as you don’t burn your extra Ki on your Visage too often…
Visage of the Astral Self (2) – This is a lot of roleplay-like abilities tagged with a Ki cost that the subclass can’t really afford to frequently pay. This ability becomes a lot more worthwhile if you’re in a party that makes use of Magical Darkness, but that’s a niche party concept, and therefore not versatile enough to score higher than a 2.
Body of the Astral Self (4) – An elemental version of Deflect Missiles and some bonus damage once a round? This is more like it, and at 11th level and beyond, burning that extra Ki point for your Visage doesn’t feel bad– the Visage itself becomes a bonus to this ability.
Awakened Astral Self (3) – A decent AC bump and an entire additional attack are good, costing a massive amount of your Ki points at a level where Empty Body is also in sight? Not a great capstone for this subclass, but it’s not a bad one either.
Ascendant Dragon (Low-Med Ki)
The Way of the Ascendant Dragon allows you to embody the iconic aspects of a D&D dragon, even down to their impressive social presence. This subclass has an incentive to use unarmed strikes more often than a Monk weapon. The difference between using a Monk Weapon like a quarterstaff, two-handed of course, and an unarmed strike is only a point or two per attack on average, so you won’t really be behind in damage if you just use your body. The Ki cost of this subclass is fairly low by default; all of your 3rd level abilities either have free uses, or are at-will and the rest of your abilities at higher levels either have free uses, or enhance existing abilities. Be warned, however, if you want to fly around and breath down death upon your enemies frequently that can get expensive fast, and you won’t even rack up any air miles.
Draconic Disciple (5) – This feature brings a suite of abilities that cover both combat and social situations. Draconic Presence helps offset a lower Charisma score, and Draconic Strike allows you to capitalize on the weaknesses of various monsters, whilst avoiding resistance to nonmagical bludgeoning, piercing, and slashing before 6th level. This feature has a lot going for it and comes alongside another ability, which easily makes this a 5.
Breath of the Dragon (4) – AOE is something inherently missing from the Monk class, this adds a useful option to the Monk in combat. Whilst not a lot of damage, the freedom to change the damage type is very useful, the free uses keep your strained Ki pool from crying for the nearest Mercy Monk, and by only taking the place of a single attack, you can keep your damage output up. Note: at levels 3 and 4 using the breath shuts down your bonus action attack from Martial Arts, this resolves itself at 5th level, as you still have an attack left to make with an unarmed strike or Monk weapon. You can, however, still use Flurry of Blows as you’re still taking the Attack action.
Wings Unfurled (3) – Besides allowing you to fly around whilst you use Breath of the Dragon like, well, a dragon, this adds a lot of value to Step of the Wind. The nature of the Monk’s Unarmored Movement means your fly speed will always be fairly high, even if you choose the disengage option on Step of the Wind. This ability is held back by not giving you the option to use it again once you’ve used your free uses, especially as you have to spend Ki on Step of the Wind anyway. This warrants a 3 instead of a 2, as flight is not commonly available on most Monks and can help you solve a lot of problems, some of them not even requiring violence!
Aspect of the Wyrm (3) – This ability is okay, the main problem here is the small size of the aura and having to forgo your bonus action attack/Flurry of Blows in order to use the frightened version of the aura. This manages a 3 instead of a 2 because it comes at the same level your breath attack damage increases substantially.
Ascendant Dragon (3) – The ability to increase the size of your breath so much is great, whilst boosting the damage is good, and Explosive Fury makes Aspect of the Wyrm more worthwhile. However, this capstone is hindered by not going far enough, the blindsight is a very short distance, Explosive Fury does no damage on a save, and the damage for your breath should have been at least four rolls of your Martial Arts Die before spending any Ki. This gets a 3 as there’s a lot here, it just could have been a lot better.
In this section, I’ll review all of the racial options based on how well they compliment the Monk, commenting where certain features may benefit certain subclasses. Races are good places to pick up abilities for certain character concepts, so if you’re thinking about playing a certain Monk but that race isn’t rated well here, that doesn’t mean your particular combination wouldn’t work or be fun to play, it’s actually pretty difficult to make a truly bad character in 5E.
Subraces and variants will be listed under the central race rating, indented to the right, and noted by italics.
If your DM allows the TCoE optional rules for reassigning racial stat bumps, then every race becomes a minimum rating of 3 and you should decide entirely based on the other benefits they give. The only exceptions to this, are races that give more points to stats than is typical, like the Half-Elf or Mountain Dwarf.
The player race options offered by Mordenkainen Presents: Monsters of the Multiverse will be separated in their own section instead of being listed alphabetically. This is to make them more distinct on the list as they stand out as primarily revisions of existing races. If a race option from this book doesn’t have any changes from an entry already covered in this section, it will be omitted.
Aarakocra (5) – Bonuses to Dex and Wis, the option to switch your unarmed strikes to slashing, and a crazy fast flight speed that the Monk will make even faster. The lower walk speed is negated by unarmored movement, great for hit and run Monks: Open Hand, Drunken Master, or any Monk with the Mobile feat.
Aasimar (2) – With a +2 to Cha and a primary ability that eats your entire action, this isn’t a strong choice for any Monk. If you have rolled high or don’t mind lower stats for a while then not a bad choice for the resistances and healing.
Protector (3) – +1 to Wisdom and a Flight speed that can be enhanced by the Monk, this Aasimar has some potential as a skirmishing Astral Self.
Scourge (2) – +1 to Con isn’t a waste on a Monk, the damage aura can be nice if the rest of your party is ranged, but the Monk’s d8 hit die won’t like that self-imposed damage.
Fallen (1) – Frightened isn’t a bad condition, but friendly fire is possible and the rest of the race isn’t a good base for a Str Monk.
Bugbear (3) – The stats aren’t ideal for your typical Monk; Long-Limbed makes Bugbears great skirmishers, with a good reward for engaging your enemies stealthily to make you feel a little ninja-ish. Could be a good base for an Str-based Monk.
Centaur (2) – Good stats for an Str-based Monk or Astral Self, if you’re looking for exceptionally fast move speed, this is a good choice with Unarmored Movement helping to deal with the climb penalties. Unfortunately, the Hooves and Charge racial features are wasted on a Monk.
Changeling (2) – A +2 Cha and the Shapechanger ability isn’t inherently good for Monks, however, if you’re looking to play a face Monk this is a good option. The Monk being able to function without weapons and armor also makes them great options for Changeling spy builds.
Dhampir (4) – This is surprisingly good! Flexible stats, a superior version of a climb speed enhanced by your Monk movement, and the bite. As the bite ability is a simple melee weapon, it counts as a Monk weapon, allowing you to increase the die from the starting d4. Depending on how your DM interprets the bite, you may even be able to use your Dex!
Dragonborn (2) – No synergistic stats, a Breath Weapon that locks you out of your bonus action attacks, and not even Darkvision. The only thing here for most Monks is the damage resistance.
Draconblood (1) – Even worse stats, but you get Darkvision and a face ability, I guess.
Ravenite (2) – Str and Con means that this has potential as a Str based Monk, with Vengeful Assault working best on a Kensei as it requires a weapon.
Dragonborn (FToD Version) (5) – This Fizban’s variant of the dragonborn uses subraces, with only the stat bumps in the core race, and those stats being choose-your-own, means this has to be a 5. Due to the breath weapon replacing a single attack, it doesn’t become an appealing option until 5th level, where both the damage increases, and you have two attacks. This race works particularly well with the theme of the Ascendant Dragon subclass. Note: For levels 1-4, you will be unable to use your bonus action attack when using your breath, but you will still be able to use Flurry of Blows.
Chromatic (4) – Resistance is a nice, if situational, defensive buff, with the immunity ability being more of the same. Nevertheless, the breath weapon adds an AOE damage option which quickly scales to deal more damage than a single attack, making this a worthwhile ability that allows any Monk to deal AOE damage.
Metallic (5) – The same as the Chromatic version above, however, the second breath weapon adds a lot of valuable control to the Monk, without draining any valuable Ki!
Gem (5) – Whilst the resistances on offer become less commonly used, the damage types available for the breath weapon are more potent to compensate. Telepathy and flight are great abilities can apply in many situations.
Dwarf (2) – Con is good for everyone, poison resistance is nice, and everyone loves Darkvision. Unfortunately, since you can’t wear heavy armor, the reduced speed is nothing but a hindrance to you. If you can use Dedicated Weapon, then Dwarf gives you some options.
Hill (3) – Extra hp and a Wis bump work well on a Monk, the Wis favours an Astral Self.
Mountain (2) – The armor is completely useless, but +2 Str and Con give a decent base for a Str Monk.
Duergar (2) – A good basis for a Str based Monk, casting Enlarge/Reduce will make you great at grappling and allow you to attack+flurry for an additional 4d4 on longer combats. Invisibility is nice, you just need to be careful of the Sunlight Sensitivity.
Mark of Warding (1) – Very niche; the +1 Int is useless to you. The only time to choose this is if you are building a Rogue-like Monk and want the d4 to your Thieves’ Tools. Mage Armor helps you with slower Wis progression, but only for 8 hours of the day.
Elf (3) – Dex bump is exactly what you’re looking for and there are some nice perks in the form of Darkvision; Perception proficiency and Fey Ancestry, but with Elves, the deciding factor will normally be the subrace features.
High Elf (2) – The weapon proficiencies are nice if you can use Dedicated weapon, otherwise this is a dead stat and a chance to pick up a cantrip for fun.
Wood Elf (4) – Wis bump, extra speed for Unarmored Movement to build on, and proficiencies if you can use them. Not flashy but an effective choice.
Drow (1) – If you want the Cha bump and are a Shadow Monk looking for a free casting of Darkness, then sure. Otherwise, niche and carried by the core race. Sunlight Sensitivity makes this a hard choice for mechanical reasons.
Eladrin (4) – Now, the Cha bump isn’t helpful, but the Fey Step ability brings a nice bit of utility and control effects that may not otherwise be available to your Monk. Fey Step recharging on a short rest seals the deal on this being a very useful tool kit.
Sea (2) – Fantastic choice if you’re playing a seafaring or underwater game, otherwise it offers little to you besides the Con bump.
Shadar-kai (3) – +1 Con is useful, the necrotic resistance is nice, and short rest teleporting that gives you resistance to all damage is excellent. If you’re in a game that features a lot of Undead/other sources of necrotic, then this easily goes up to a 4.
Mark of Shadow (2) – In general for a Monk this choice is okayish: you can’t make use of the Spells of the Mark feature at all. If you want to play a stealth based Monk then this jumps up to a 3/4 based on the d4 to Stealth and being able to cast Invisibility.
Pallid (3) – A Wis bump is what we’re looking for, with all of the spells gained being usable (but with Sleep aging poorly). A great choice for a detective style Monk.
Fairy (4) – Flight is a very potent ability, especially when it increases with your Unarmored Movement! The spells are nice to have, but not particularly helpful for your general Monkness. Note: RAW, the additional 1d4 damage from Enlarge does not apply to unarmed strikes.
Firbolg (2) – A solid choice for an Str-based Monk with some useful abilities to expand on the Monk’s toolbox. Hidden Step could help land a hit against a high AC opponent to try and Stunning Strike them.
Genasi (2) – +2 Con is nice for a martial, but all the goodies are in the subraces.
Air (3) – Dex is what you want here, Levitate can be a nice addition to your tool box but overall underwhelming.
Earth (2) – Not a particularly good base for a Str Monk, Pass Without Trace is a great spell, but also accessible to Shadow Monks.
Fire (1) – Int isn’t useful to you, Darkvision is nice but all of the spells will use your Con as the casting stat, which is less than ideal to say the least.
Water (2) – Wis makes this a decent Astral Self choice, there’s a lot of small abilities here that add up to a decent suite overall, but still very niche.
Gith (1) – +1 Int is pretty useless, but like Genasi the goodies are to follow.
Githyanki (1) – Only usable for Str Monks, this choice is carried by Misty Step. For traditional Dex based Monks, avoid unless you have story reasons for choosing.
Githzerai (2) – Not a bad choice for Astral Self Monks, especially with access to the Shield spell.
Gnome (1) – +2 Int is a waste, and the lower speed cuts into your Unarmored Movement for a situational benefit (advantage on mental saves against magic).
Forest (2) – Dex is useful, otherwise just some ribbon abilities for the Monk looking for some utility/fun tools.
Rock (1) – +1 Con is the only thing for you here.
Deep (2) – You get a Dex bump at least, if you’re going to be in a largely underground campaign then the Superior Darkvision might make this worth it.
Mark of Scribing (1) – Nothing to support you being a Monk at all, Message is a nifty cantrip, but there’s better ways to get it.
Goblin (4) – Put on a bib, the gravy train is pulling into the station. Dex and Con, Darkvision, a once per short rest damage booster, and being able to disengage and hide for free as a bonus action.
Goliath (2) – A good choice for an Str-based Monk, Stone’s Endurance and a good Con score will let you tank capably when you need or want to.
Half-Elf (2) – You can bump the stats you want, and skills are nice, this is best for a Monk who wants to be the face/skill monkey.
Aquatic Descent (1) – Unless you’re in an underwater/seafaring campaign, otherwise a strict downgrade from vanilla Half Elf.
Drow Descent (2) – If you’re looking for some magic in your Monk, then this isn’t a bad trade.
Moon/Sun Descent (1) – a single cantrip isn’t going to be worth two skills, especially since it technically will use Int as the casting stat.
Wood Descent (2) – If you want to double down on speed whilst being a face character, this isn’t a bad choice.
Mark of Detection (2) – An interesting choice for an Astral Self that wants some magic, mostly an out of combat choice.
Mark of the Storm (1) – Unless you have a RP reason, this is just another downgrade from standard Half Elf for a Monk.
Half-Orc (2) – A good base for an Str-based Monk: Relentless Endurance helps keep you in the fight, and Savage Attacks helps take advantage of any crits that pop up from your large number of attack rolls.
Mark of Finding (2) – An okay option for an Astral Self, Hunter’s Mark can help in the tough fight of the day, potentially.
Halfling (4) – +2 Dex is nice, being extremely unlikely to roll a 1 when you make so many attacks is amazing, and advantage against Frightened (a fairly common monster given condition) is a cherry on top. Halfling Nimbleness also allows you greater use of your mobility, making up for starting with a slower speed.
Lightfoot (1) – Cha is only good for your social situations and without a bonus action way to Hide, you likely won’t ever use Naturally Stealthy.
Stout (2) – Con is always nice and poison resistance can save your life; if poison using enemies are common in your campaign, this becomes at least a 3.
Ghostwise (4) – All the goodness of a Halfling with a Wis increase and bonus of telepathy, great choice for a Monk.
Mark of Healing (4) – A Halfling with a Wis bump and Wis based Cure Wounds once a day? Fantastic choice, even better for Mercy Monks looking to get some none Ki based healing.
Mark of Hospitality (1) – If you want the flavourful free spells then go ahead, but this is strictly a RP choice.
Harengon (4) – A very strong option; the stats are whatever you like, the bonus to initiative is great for everyone. An Astral Self Monk focusing on Wisdom would benefit the most, though. All of the abilities are good, however, this doesn’t hit a 5 as nothing increases your damage, or gives something you didn’t already have access to in some form.
Hexblood (3) – You can arrange your stats to taste and the ability to cast Hex can be a decent damage boost in combats with tougher enemies. This race also provides some out-of-combat abilities that would be difficult for a single-classed Monk to imitate otherwise without multiclassing or investing in feats.
Hobgoblin (1) – There’s Con for you here but little else. If you can use Dedicated Weapon, then martial weapon proficiencies may come in handy. As long as you stay close to the party, you can get some use out of Saving Face.
Human (1) – If you rolled an array that’s mostly odd numbers, or have a really MAD character idea, then go for it. Otherwise, you may as well choose a variant option if you want to play a human.
Variant Human PHB (5) – You can bump Dex and Wis, grab a skill of your choice and, more importantly, get a feat at first level on a class starved of ASIs. Only downside is no darkvision, but that’s what windmill punching is for, right?
Mark of Finding (3) – Not bad in general for most Monks, but best for an Astral Self. Hunter’s Mark can provide nice damage in boss fights.
Mark of Handling (3) – The stats you want with some nice RP spells, solid choice if it fits your character concept.
Mark of Passage (4) – Great stats, a movement speed increase, and Misty Step. An excellent choice.
Mark of Sentinel (3) – Not bad for Monks in general, though the lack of Dex hurts a bit. Great for Astral Self with Shield as a bonus for all Monks.
Kalashtar (2) – Advantage on all Wis saves is nice and the +2 Wis is usable. Not a great choice in general but not bad either.
Kenku (3) – Good stats and a decent skill selection, nothing special here but a solid choice.
Kobold (2) – This one is very table-dependent; the Dex is good and Pack Tactics can set you up for a lot of attacks at advantage. However, if the game will feature a lot of unshaded daytime sections, then, realistically, you’re just rolling a straight d20 with no secondary stat bonus.
Leonin (2) – Decent base for a Str Monk, but the claws are wasted besides letting you choose slashing for your unarmed strikes.
Lizardfolk (3) – Con and Wis are both useful to you, the swim speed adds even more mobility to your Monk, but the star here is your jaws. The jaws allow you to unarmed strike with a d6 in Tier 1 (straight damage increase), and the Hungry Jaws ability lets you gain a little temp hp. The important thing here is that you can make this bonus action attack if you use your action for something else, like casting a subclass-granted spell.
Locathah (1) – A Str Monk if you really want it to be, but needing to submerge yourself every 4 hours is a hard drawback to look past. A ship without sails, really.
Loxodon (2) – Not bad for an Astral Self Monk. The natural armor on offer is pretty useless to you, and whilst trunk-punching people is funny, it’s not really beneficial to you.
Minotaur (2) – Stats are okay for a Str Monk, but AC will be tough to manage. The horns offer an improved unarmed strike die in Tier 1, but Goring Rush and Hammering Horns are mostly wasted. Best to move past this one.
Orc (2) – Again, okay for a Str Monk, but there’s nothing else here for a Monk really.
Owlin (5) – You have the option of increasing just Dex and Wis, or put a +1 into Dex, Con, and Wis which is a fantastic start for this MAD class. When you add on a fly speed that increases with Unarmored Movement, 120ft darkvision, and Stealth proficiency you get an excellent race choice!
Reborn (3) – Applicable stats and resistance to poison are nice, but that’s all there is here for a Monk in combat. Knowledge from a Past Life is a good utility ability, but there are many races better suited to Monk life.
Satyr (3) – The stats are eh for this race, but Magic Resistance is a powerful feature, and Mirthful Leaps just adds to your parkour game
Beasthide Shifter (2) – If you’re looking for a tanky Str Monk who specializes in grappling, look no further! Athletics proficiency, temp hp, and an AC bump to boot when shifted.
Longtooth Shifter (1) – Stats that could fit an Str Monk, but the shifting feature is redundant on a Monk, and intimidation isn’t the most sought-after of skills.
Swiftstride Shifter (3) – +2 Dex is nice. This shifted speed bump and reaction move make this a good option for a skirmisher build.
Wildhunt Shifter (4) – Wis and Dex give us the stats we want, Survival is a good skill for a Wis-based character. The best part here is, whilst shifted, no one can gain advantage against you– that’s pretty nice and very forgiving of bad luck and mistakes.
Simic Hybrid (3) – Con and a floating +1 make for desirable stats. Being able to pick and choose your enhancements, allow you to customize your build. Getting a swim speed and a +1 to your AC are good boons to a lot of Monks, especially if you’re going to be frequently adventuring near water.
Tabaxi (4) – Only Dex, but the addition of a climb speed and Feline agility make for such a high mobility Monk, you may mistake your character for the Flash. The skills, Darkvision, and being able to switch out your damage type for slashing are nice bonuses, which are even more reasons why this race got a near purrfect score.
Tiefling (PHB aka Asmodeus) (1) – Besides Hellish Rebuke, there’s nothing here for a Monk to make real use of. Choosing the Feral variant will change the +2 to Dex and increase the rating to a 2.
Baalzebul (1) – Same as above; the spells key off of Charisma so will be of limited use to you.
Dispater (2) – Some Dex makes this more workable, but still mostly a RP choice.
Fierna (1) – Maybe usable for an Astral Self, but not much else.
Glasya (2) – +1 Dex and a free casting of invisibility can make for an interesting offering.
Levistus (2) – Armor of Agathys and a Con bump make this an option if you’re looking to build a tanky Monk.
Mammon (1) – Bad stat bumps and spells that don’t support your Monkish lifestyle.
Mephistopheles (1) – It’s a good thing this is a bad choice, because that is a tongue twister!
Zariel (1) – Maybe if you want to play a Str based Kensei, you could get some use out of the Smite spells, but still not a good choice.
Tortle (2) – If you’re looking to build an Str Monk this is a 3 or 4, but a fixed AC of 17 is good for even traditional Monks, allowing you to start off with a good AC and deal with a lower stat array. Alternatively, you could neglect a stat and grab some feats!
Triton (1) – If you’re playing a seafaring campaign, this would make an okay Str Monk. Its value is primarily in roleplay.
Vedalken (1) – More like 1.5. Vedalken Dispassion is a great defense as the levels go up; an option for an Astral Self primarily, but still a weak choice overall.
Warforged (3) – A good set of stat bumps, +1 AC, poison resistance, and some other goodies. Warforged are good at pretty much anything.
Yuan-Ti Pureblood (2) – The stats are terrible, but Magic Resistance and Poison Immunity are incredibly potent for anyone.
Mordenkainen Presents: Monsters of the Multiverse
As mentioned previously any races that are republished without changes won’t be included in this section. In addition, following previously mentioned guidance, there won’t be any ratings lower than a 3 in this section due to all races being able to assign stats to taste.
Note: Spells will be rated more highly here than they may appear above because all spells given can be cast with any spell slots you may have. This is a significant boost for an Artificer, giving them access to spells they may not otherwise have and freeing up their number of prepared spells.
Note: The Fey Ancestry and Trance traits listed in these races differ significantly from the versions published in other books like the PHB.
Aarakocra (5) – This is both a downgrade from the original and an upgrade, with the final rating being the same. The fly speed has been toned down to a less ridiculous 30 feet, but the walking speed has also increased to 30 feet with the talons now being a 1d6. This means that Monks in tier 1 get a slight damage boost, whilst any Monk now has the option of Gust of Wind, not something you’ll want to use often but, due to your reliance on Wisdom, will at least have a good DC when you choose to do so.
Aasimar (4) – Celestial Resistance provides a nice bump to your defenses and Healing Hands allows you to heal yourself or pick up a downed teammate when needed, or reinforce the role of a Mercy Monk. Celestial Revelation now being a bonus action makes it far more appealing and less disruptive, but with how the Monk is built you will still be sacrificing at least a single attack to activate it. It’s worth the trade-off for the additional damage and abilities, but it is of lower value to you than other classes because of this. Each transformation will be reviewed below as if it was a subrace:
Necrotic Shroud (1) – Frightened is a nice condition to impose, but relying on your Cha modifier makes this a nonstarter.
Radiant Consumption (2) – Automatic damage is nice, and with your movement speed you can position yourself to make the most of it, but you don’t have enough hit points to be hurting yourself on purpose.
Radiant Soul (5) – A fly speed that matches your insanely high walking speed is a great ability, and will scale throughout your character progression in a more significant way than the other two options.
Bugbear (5) – Long-Limbed, combined with your high movement speed, makes you an excellent skirmisher and gives skirmishing Kensei the opportunity to use a more damaging weapon than a whip. Meanwhile, Fey Ancestry and Sneaky are nice bonuses but the feature that makes you do a doubletake is Surprise Attack. Just by beating a monster in the initiative order, you can do an additional 2d6 damage per attack. Not only is that relatively easy to do with your high Dexterity modifier, but that means that at 2nd level you can drop an additional 6d6 damage on top of Flurry of Blows, and at 5th level that increases to 8d6, and high-level Astral Self Monks can increase that further to 10d6! The power of this ability is high enough that you might even want to spend an ASI on Alert early on in the game.
Centaur (4) – Not happy with just being really fast? Want to be really, really fast? Then this race is for you, with the hooves providing a damage boost in tier 1 to help nudge this race into a low 4.
Changeling (3) – There’s nothing here to make you a better Monk, but if you want to be more of a face character, then this race can help you do that without having to invest much into Charisma.
Deep Gnome (4) – Being able to give yourself advantage on certain Stealth rolls is what tips this race over into a 4, with 120 feet darkvision, the situational Gnomish Magic Resistance, and Gift of the Snirfneblin providing some support. If this race had any ability that more directly boosted your Monk-ness then it would be a solid 5.
Duergar (4) – The combination of Dwarven Resilience and Psionic Fortitude provides a significant buff to your already considerable defenses, but at higher levels, the poison resistance does become redundant. That, along with 120 feet of darkvision and one free use of Invisibility once per day make this an easy 4. The ability to cast Enlarge isn’t something that you will want to use often, as you will have to forgo both the Attack action and your bonus action attack(s), but in longer fights, the additional d4 of damage per hit can be worth it, and if you are built to grapple it can enable you to grapple much bigger enemies.
Eladrin (5) – There is a lot of good here with Fey Ancestry, the new and improved Trance, and Keen Senses but what cements this as a 5 is the superb Fey Step. Although it competes for your already busy bonus action, the rider effects are useful enough to make it worth it. This is especially true as you can set the DC based on your Wisdom for those abilities that require it.
Firbolg (4) – Detect Magic and Disguise Self are very useful spells in a lot of games and Hidden Step has a lot of potential, unfortunately, it isn’t as valuable for a Monk as it competes for your bonus action. This is a low 4, but it is definitely worth more than a 3.
Genasi, Air (3) – If you’re interested in the roleplay of this race then sure, otherwise this should be avoided. The features on offer are very niche and Feather Fall overlaps with Slow Fall, with Shocking Grasp unlikely to be used, especially when you gain access to Stunning Strike.
Genasi, Earth (4) – Blade Ward as a bonus action is fantastic as a defense but loses a lot of appeal for Monks as it clashes with their many bonus action options. Pass without Trace is an excellent spell that will ensure your own Stealth check success, whilst likely carrying the rest of the party with you.
Genasi, Fire (3) – This is pretty bad for you, with the spells provided not only being lackluster in general, but the Monk already has ways to access spells like Burning Hands in a better way. Fire resistance isn’t enough to carry this to a 4, as fire damage can often be associated with a Dex saving throw that you can deal with through Evasion and your high Dex saving throw modifier.
Genasi, Water (3) – Another very niche genasi option, this would be great for an aquatic campaign or a specific roleplay concept, but little else.
Githyanki (4) – A really good option in general, with Astral Knowledge providing some out-of-combat utility along with a very enhanced version of Mage Hand. There’s also the novelty of using Jump along with Step of the Wind to jump really, really far and the fairly useful resistance against psychic damage. What holds this back from being a 5, and is a theme with the Monk, is that Misty Step competes for your bonus action. This is only a single casting a day, so isn’t too difficult to fit in, but it is a consideration when you have so many options available.
Githzerai (5) – This is a great option, providing you with a single use of Shield for really hard encounters, or when you just want to say no to the DM, and a much improved Detect Thoughts for social encounters. Combined with the Psychic Resilience, Mental Discipline, and invisible Mage Hand there’s so much here it is an easy and thematic race choice for a Monk.
Goblin (4) – A good option that synergizes with your bonus action situation by giving you a bonus action Disengage that doesn’t consume your very limited Ki points and an additional option to Hide if you want. Fury of the Small adds a very small, but useful, damage boost and Fey Ancestry helps protect you against the somewhat frequent charmed condition. Overall a wash compared to the original.
Goliath (5) – Athletics is always valuable for a class that is meant to be very physical and cold resistance is a fairly common damage type, but the peak for this Mountain Born is actually Stone’s Endurance. Now that you can use it whenever you want, up to your proficiency bonus per long rest, it can allow you to tank a huge amount of damage in a single combat despite your Hit Dice and AC typically being lower than normal tanks.
Hobgoblin (3) – Fey Gift is the ability that eats up most of this race’s design space and clashes heavily with your inherent Monk-ness, if you are making use of this ability to its limit then you will be heavily compromising on the benefits of the class. This is enough of a hindrance that Fortune of the Many and Fey Ancestry can’t lift the hobgoblin past a 3 for a Monk.
Kenku (4) – A great choice for a skill monkey or a grappler build, gaining not only two skills of your choice, but also the ability to give yourself advantage on any check with a skill that you’re proficient in, with uses equal to your proficiency bonus. This ability is good enough to warrant a 4 on its own, with the ribbon abilities of Expert Duplication and Mimicry amounting to fun roleplay fodder.
Kobold (4) – Draconic Cry is a fantastic ability that can really help your party and you hit a high AC target reliably, but as it is actively costing you a bonus action attack at best, it is not as appealing for you as it is for other classes. Kobold Legacy is a nice bit of out of combat utility, with Craftiness and Defiance being the best choices for you.
Lizardfolk (4) – A surprisingly good option for Monks that don’t want to raise their Wisdom higher than a 14, perhaps wanting to focus on feats and Constitution instead, thanks to Natural Armor. The Bite feature gives low-level (tier 1) Monks a small damage increase, whilst Hungry Jaws allows you to gain a small number of temporary hit points from a bonus action bite attack that you would be making anyway. Hungry Jaws has the nice benefit of not being tied to the Attack action like the Martial Arts bonus attack, or Flurry of Blows. This means that subclasses with access to other actions, such as spells, that they may want to use can still make their bonus attack without needing TCoE optional rules.
Minotaur (3) – The horns are a small damage increase for tier 1 Monks, but Hammering Horns will use your terrible Strength modifier and there isn’t really anything else here worth your time. Give it the hoof before a monster makes a hamburger out of you!
Orc (5) – Relentless Endurance helps address some durability concerns some players have for the Monk, whilst Adrenaline Rush gives you a bonus action Dash that not only won’t use your Ki but will give you temp hp at the same time! An excellent complement to the Monk’s toolset, that results in one hardy martial artist.
Satyr (4) – A pretty good choice overall, but not quite great. Magic Resistance can be a strong defense but relies on the effects thrown at you being spells rather than features, with Mirthful Leaps helping to cover for your low Str mod. The horns are a boon to low-level Monks, and Reveler is good for a Monk that wants to take the face role on occasion.
Sea-Elf (3) – Completely a roleplay option unless you are playing a campaign on, or under, water. At least the normal elf benefits are present to support you if you do choose this.
Shadar-Kai (5) – Necrotic is a good resistance to have, with Blessing of the Raven Queen being so good it’s worth giving up your bonus action for. Gaining resistance to all damage can help ensure your escape from risky situations, or allow you to burst into the middle of the enemy force and hold your own whilst your party gets into position.
Shifter (3) – The number of times you can shift has now been changed to equal your proficiency bonus, however, the number of temporary hit points you gain has been significantly nerfed from level+Con to just twice your proficiency modifier. This is is better at 1st level, and then never catches back up to the original formula and will always have to compete with your numerous bonus action options. The individual shifting features will be reviewed below:
Beasthide (3) – There’s a good amount of durability built into this feature, but it only warrants a 3 as you will be better off in a lot of combats taking your normal attack instead.
Longtooth (1) – This is entirely redundant.
Swiftstride (4) – A great feature for a skirmishing, or ranged, Monk that kicks your high speed even higher and gives you the chance to retreat from those attacking you.
Wildhunt (4) – This is a very powerful defense that could make the difference between going down, or getting out alive in some situations. This doesn’t warrant a 5 as you shouldn’t be in a position to be attacked with advantage that frequently.
Tabaxi (5) – It’s hard to say no to this much mobility and this version is notably improved for you over the original. The flexible stats, higher climb speed, and higher damage claws are just enough to push this into 5 territory for you.
Tortle (4) – A great option for Astral Self Monks looking to leave Dex low, or any other Monk that doesn’t want to invest too heavily in their Wisdom. The skill is always appreciated and the claws are a small boost for lower-level Monks.
Triton (4) – An overall pretty niche race, but there are so many features that it’s hard to rate this lower than a 4 with flexible stats. At least you can use Water Walk to be Naruto without waiting for the Unarmored Movement improvement at 9th level!
Yuan-ti (4) – A 4 only for the defense offered by the combination of Magic Resistance and Poison Resilience, just remember that if you play a higher level monk the latter becomes entirely redundant thanks to Purity of Body. Serpentine Spellcasting is primarily for roleplay for you, though Suggestion could come in handy with your Wisdom modifier.
Feats are not an easy thing to choose for a Monk; the dependency on both Dex and Wis leaves you with little free ASIs to pick up feats with. In general, if you want to grab a feat on a Monk, it’s best to either play a Variant Human (for the feat at 1st level), use a build that doesn’t depend so heavily on both stats (like an Astral Self), or just force your will upon the dice and roll really high stats (duh).
The following list of feats are arranged alphabetically but divided by the books they are found in, to make it easy to see what you can choose from if certain sources are not allowed at your table. If a feat has a race prerequisite it is denoted in [brackets].
Alert (3) – This is a good feat in general, and a high initiative gives you a chance to stun the bad guys before they have the chance to do anything. This feat is more valuable for certain subclasses, like compensating for a lower Dex on an Astral Self and allowing a Shadow Monk to use Darkness without Unseen Attacker rules working against them.
Athlete (2) – If you have an odd Dex, it can give you some neat little mobility buffs without harming your stat progression. In general, not a good feat, with better ways of doing most of what it offers you available in subclasses and races.
Actor (1) – A fun feat for a face Monk, but not useful overall, and boosts a stat you don’t need or can’t afford.
Charger (1) – You already get a bonus action attack, this isn’t worth it.
Crossbow Expert (1) – If you want to build a light crossbow using Kensei Monk, this could be useful, but ill-advised even for a Kensei.
Defensive Duelist (4) – Short swords and daggers are available to all Monks, so this gives a nice at-will defensive option to a class that usually won’t have a great AC. Combined with a rapier wielding Kensei, can result in an AC in the mid-high 20s!
Dual Wielder (1) – With Martial Arts, you have no reason to try and TWF unless you get a free feat and are desperate for an AC bump.
Dungeon Delver (2) – If your game is heavy on dungeons, this is a great feat but does little to nothing for you outside of dungeons– rating very table dependent.
Durable (1) – This isn’t a completely bad feat, but is not a worthwhile pick the majority of the time. If you are playing a game that has few healers or uses Gritty Realism rules, this becomes more valuable as it will conserve your hit dice.
Elemental Adept (1) – This is useless to most Monks, Four Elements and Sun Souls would get some limited use.
Grappler (1) – Even if you’re playing a grappling Str Monk, avoid this. Advantage on attacks is nice, but not worth a feat, and restraining yourself is just a bad move.
Great Weapon Master (1) – Since the extra damage requires a heavy melee weapon, the only part of the feat you can use is the bonus action attack… which you already get.
Healer (2) – A great feat for adding healing into a party, good RP for Mercy Monks. Generally speaking, another character should probably take this feat unless you’re a Variant Human.
Heavily Armored (1) – Monks don’t wear armor.
Heavy Armor Master (1) – Monks still don’t wear armor.
Inspiring Leader (2) – Adds a lot of durability to a party, if you’re a face Monk then might be worth it if you don’t mind slowing your stats. Like Healer, it’s ideally taken by others.
Keen Mind (1) – You don’t really have a need for Int, the rest of the feat is just neat ribbons.
Lightly Armored (1) – With this, you could wear armor! But don’t– it’ll turn off what makes you a Monk.
Linguist (1) – You don’t need Int and you’ll eventually get Tongue of the Sun and Moon, hard pass.
Lucky (3) – Although Lucky is a powerful feat every character would be able to use, personally, I don’t think it’s worth trying to fit into a Monk build.
Mage Slayer (2) – If you’re in a campaign where you’re fighting a lot of enemy mages, probably worth it.
Magic Initiate (2) – Nice for adding utility or variety to a build. Shield is a good spell to pick up, typically not recommended unless you have character reasons for wanting casting.
Martial Adept (2) – Battle Master maneuvers are nice and you can certainly make use of them, only one die per short rest is underwhelming though.
Medium Armor Master (1) – Say it with me, Monks don’t wear armor.
Mobile (4) – This is an excellent feat for a Monk, not just because it increases your speed further, but it also allows you to disengage for free against those you attack. This feat makes a Monk one of the best skirmishers in the game.
Moderately Armored (1) – Robes are just so much more freeing.
Mounted Combatant (1) – Monks aren’t particularly good cavalry; if you have a mount you really care about, then this is a must.
Observant (3) – A Wis bump is useful and boosting your passive perception/investigation will give you a crazy high score. Best for Astral Self that can focus on Wis first.
Polearm Master (2) – You already have a bonus action attack; if you use a quarterstaff/spear and plan to skirmish, you could get some use of the opportunity attack.
Resilient (1) – If you don’t think the game will get to Diamond Soul levels then maybe. However, between proficiencies, Evasion, and modifiers you have a decent save defense already.
Ritual Caster (1) – If you want to pick up some utility rituals or a familiar, then go for it. Nothing to enhance your monkhood here though.
Savage Attacker (1) – This is a bad feat in general, but worse for a Monk that attacks a lot with smaller die sizes for the level.
Sentinel (2) – If you’re playing a tanky Monk, this can give you a lot more opportunities to stun enemies, but you’d need a lot of defense to stick it out. Think you can handle it?
Sharpshooter (1) – Maybe for a Kensei archer, all others need not apply.
Shield Master (1) – Monks also don’t use shields. Sorry, Cap’.
Skilled (2) – A good feat if you want to be a skill monkey, not good for a Monk in general.
Skulker (1) – If you’re a non-darkvision Kensei sniper then sure, otherwise nope.
Spell Sniper (1) – Not even good for the Monks that can cast spells.
Tavern Brawler (1) – Bad even for Str based Monks, mostly irrelevant. Just use one of your action attacks to grapple and keep your bonus action attack.
Tough (2) – Everyone can benefit from more hit points, if you’re playing a tanky Monk then this is a 3.
War Caster (1) – Mostly not applicable. If you’re a Shadow Monk looking to maintain concentration and have a racial attack cantrip, then maybe, but probably not.
Weapon Master (1) – If you have an odd Dex and can use Dedicated Weapon then it could be of use, otherwise just keep walkin’.
Bountiful Luck [Halfling] (1) – Good for the party, bad for you.
Dragon Fear [Dragonborn] (1) – Even if you’re a Str Monk, the fear effect will key off of your Cha modifier, best to avoid.
Dragon Hide [Dragonborn] (2) – If you’re a Str Monk, this feat fits into your stat progression and will let you leave Wis lower, regular Monks can bump their Con over Wis. A good feat to deal with Dragonborn starting stats and free up some ASIs if you don’t care about Stunning Strike DC.
Drow High Magic [Drow] (1) – Say you have aspirations of being a part-time mage without multiclassing, this is a decent way to go. Other than story reasons and free feats awarded by the DM, this is best skipped for Monks.
Dwarven Fortitude [Dwarf] (2) – If you’re looking for a tanky Monk, this is actually a neat feat (such a treat!). You get to bump your Con, but when you use Patient Defense, you can roll one Hit Die to heal yourself whilst dodging, all as a bonus action!
Elven Accuracy [Elf or Half-Elf] (4) – You can round out either Dex or Wis, and, whenever you attack at advantage, you can roll three d20s instead of just two. Very potent feat if your party can wrangle you some advantage regularly. Particularly good for Kensei and Astral Self Monks that have the opportunity to add more dice to crits.
Fade Away [Gnome] (2) – A pretty good defensive ability rolled into a half feat, not the best use of an ASI on a Gnome Monk, however.
Fey Teleportation [High Elf] (1) – A half feat that boosts stats you don’t care about. Whilst Misty Step is nice, there are better ways to get it.
Flames of Phlegethos [Tiefling] (1) – Int and Cha aren’t any good for you, and casting fire spells is a bit niche even for Four Elements and Sun Souls.
Infernal Constitution [Tiefling] (3) – If you’re playing a tanky Monk, or are happy with your Dex and Wis, this is a good option. Bringing you up to three different resistances and rounding out an odd Con is a good deal.
Orcish Fury [Half-Orc] (2) – If you’re a Str-based Monk or have an odd Con this is a decent choice. It basically gives you a mundane smite on your weapon (not unarmed strikes) and improves Relentless Endurance.
Prodigy [Half-Orc, Half-Elf, Human] (1) – Not great unless you’re a grappling build or want to excel at stealth. If so, then this is a good pick.
Second Chance [Halfling] (3) – A once per combat defensive ability is a great boon for your resources. Also being able to round out an odd Dex, makes this a good ASI choice for all you Halflings out there.
Squat Nimbleness [Dwarf] (2) – This is a good way to level the playing field, so to speak, on a Dwarf Monk if you have an odd Str or Dex. All the benefits of the bearded folk but without the drawback.
Wood Elf Magic [Wood Elf] (2) – If you’re happy with your stats, this is a good way to get some pretty nice spells on your Monk. Guidance is a great choice for the cantrip.
Eberron: RftLW Feats
Aberrant Dragonmark [non-dragonmarked race] (2) – Rounding out an odd Con, grabbing Shield (or Mage Armor if your Wis is lacking), and a utility cantrip is an okay use of an ASI. The value of the feat is heavily tied to the spells you pick.
Revenant Blade [Elf] (1) – You’ve no business with a double-bladed scimitar as a Monk, keep movin’.
Artificer Initiate (1) – If you want magic, there are better ways to do it for a Monk.
Chef (2) – A fun feat, you can bump a relevant stat and help out the party with some short rest recovery and tasty temp hp.
Crusher (3) – If you’re a Str Monk or have an odd Con, this is a great choice. Being able to move someone you punch for free once a turn and improving your crits is a great deal.
Eldritch Adept (1) – Because this feat specifies the Spellcasting feature, not the ability to cast a spell, no Monk subclasses are eligible.
Fey Touched (3) – Bump your Wis (best on an Astral Self, of course), pick up Misty Step and another spell? Not bad, not bad at all.
Fighting Initiate (2) – Not a terrible choice by any means, but best for grabbing something like Dueling or Superior Technique. Blind Fighting is a great choice for a Shadow Monk.
Gunner (1) – If there are guns in your game, other people are probably better off using them, a great exception is a Kensei rocking some Gun Fu.
Metamagic Adept (1) – The same story as its Eldritch cousin, you don’t qualify without multiclassing.
Piercer (1) – A solid damage bump in a stat relevant half feat, lowly rated because getting piercing to work with your unarmed strikes is very very niche. Lizardfolk Kensei with a rapier, anyone?
Poisoner (1) – Your bonus action is already busy enough, if you really want to do a poison-based character this is basically mandatory.
Shadow Touched (2) – If you want magic in your Monk, this is one of the better ways to do it, complete with a Wis (fist) bump.
Skill Expert (2) – Great way to add a skill and expertise into your Monk. If you want to build a grappling Monk, this is a great start.
Slasher (2) – A great way to add in some control. To get the most out of this, take a race with a slashing natural weapon. For fun, you could mix this and Crusher on an Open Hand Monk to really mess with your enemies. Rated at a 2 for its dependence on non-standard unarmed strike damage type.
Telekinetic (2) – If you have an odd Wis and want to play a psionic Monk, then sure, but the bonus action shove doesn’t really mesh great with your already bonus heavy class.
Telepathic (2) – The same as Telekinetic. If you can round out Wisdom, it has some use, otherwise, it’s an RP choice.
Gift of the Chromatic Dragon (3) – The defensive ability is great, and the potential of the added damage on a Monk is too, however, because you need to use a bonus action to activate it, it’s best to use it for what you think will be harder encounters. This is because the Monk already has an ongoing, damaging use of their bonus action from Martial Arts and Flurry of Blows.
Gift of the Metallic Dragon (4) – An AC increasing ability is great for all characters, but particularly for the MAD Monk, with the free casting of Cure Wounds acting as emergency healing or an HP top-up between fights. Gift of the Gem Dragon (4) – If you’re an Astral Self Monk, or just a Monk looking to round out an odd Wisdom, this feat gives you a fantastic retributive ability that would utilize said Wisdom.
Note: More so than the Eberron feats, the following feats are designed explicitly for the high magic Strixhaven setting and this is reflected in the balance of the feats.
Strixhaven Initiate (2) – A Monk is already stretched for ASIs, and whilst you could get some helpful spells here, it just isn’t worth the ASI for most Monks unless you have a roleplay reason for choosing it.
Strixhaven Mascot (1) – Familiars are nice to have, but needing another feat is a steep cost for something you could get from Ritual Caster or Magic Initiate instead, if you could pick Strixhaven Initiate up from a background and really want this feat then the teleportation would at least be very useful.
Multiclassing Your Monk
In this section, we’ll review each class in terms of how good of a multiclass it is for a Monk, mentioning how many levels and what subclass (if any) would work best. The ratings take multiclassing prerequisites into consideration; if a multiclass will require you to have a 13 in a stat other than Dex or Wis, it will likely receive a lower score due to how thinly spread a Monk’s stats are already.
General multiclass tips for the Monk:
The amount of Ki you have is tied to your Monk level, and as such, multiclassing can heavily impact how much you can use your Ki based abilities. For this reason, it’s typically recommended to only dip 1-3 levels on a Monk; subclasses that provide Ki-less abilities (like the Kensei’s 3rd level abilities) can multiclass a little easier, whilst Ki heavy subclasses (like the Four Elements) will have a harder time losing that Ki.
As a general rule of thumb with most martials, if you’re going to dip more than a single level, it is best to wait until you’re a 5th level Monk– delaying Extra Attack (and your Martial Arts Die increase) can leave you struggling to keep up with damage.
Consider why you want to multiclass. If it is to gain a mechanical benefit, then perhaps look at races and feats to see if you can achieve the same thing without slowing your Monk progression.
If you gain a long rest based resource from your multiclass, it may be difficult at first to balance how to use it when you’re used to your Ki coming back on a short rest. Try to not let this keep you from using your ability altogether; the more you play the better you will become with pacing your resources.
Artificer (1) – Int is something you don’t want to be pumping. The Artificer itself provides a lot of bonus actions through its subclasses, which you have enough of already. Generally, something you want here can be gotten somewhere else easier/cheaper. For example, if you want to give yourself a magic weapon, a Forge Cleric dip is better for you.
Barbarian (2) – This is a tough multiclass. If you’re a Str-based Monk and you haven’t neglected your Dex and/or Wis too much, then you can make it work. The additional +2 damage from Rage mixes well with the number of attacks a Monk can make, though you’ll lose your bonus action attack/opportunity to Flurry. If you go 3 deep, then Bear Totem, Zealot, and Beast are good choices.
Bard (1) – Charisma isn’t a bad MCing stat, however, your number of Bardic Inspiration dice are tied to your Cha mod and consume your bonus action. Generally ill-advised as a multiclass unless you’re looking to be a skill monkey and are willing to go two levels deep for Jack of all Trades.
Cleric (5) – If you want to dip anything, Cleric is a great choice. You already qualify with your Wisdom and they get their domains at 1st level so you can grab some great abilities. Recommended domains include Forge (for a magic weapon), Tempest and Light (for their defensive reactions), and Twilight (for an initiative boost and Darkvision if you don’t already have it).
Druid (3) – Not bad, so why so much lower than Cleric? Quite simply because at first level there’s nothing for you but cantrips and some spells– needing to go two levels to get a subclass feature makes this a higher Ki hit. Grabbing Shillelagh can be a nice tier 1 and 2 bump for Astral Self Monks and Guidance is always useful.
Fighter (5) – Short rest resources, a fighting style, and no additional stats needed. The only bad thing about Fighter is that you’ll probably find yourself saying ‘just one more level.’ And guess what? You’ll likely not be able to fight it. Dueling, Blind Fighting, and Superior Technique are good options for your style (Archery on a ranged Kensei and Unarmed if you won’t be going to higher levels are notable, as well). For subclasses Battle Master is probably the best choice, Champion is okay and will generate a decent amount of crits from the number of attacks.
Paladin (1) – You’d really need at least two levels to get a worthwhile amount of abilities, and the Str and Cha requirements just aren’t worth it.
Ranger (2) – How good of a multiclass Ranger is really depends on your build: if you can use the TCoE optional rules and want a nature-y survival Monk then this can work well. If you want to go 3 levels deep, then Hunter, Gloomstalker, and Swarmkeeper are good options. Basically, try to stay away from gaining new bonus actions.
Rogue (5) – Expertise, Sneak Attack, and Thieves’ Tools– what’s not to love? Cunning Action isn’t as valuable to you but provides a Ki-free alternative to Step of the Wind. If you go far enough for a subclass, the best choice is Swashbuckler. You likely won’t have a good Cha to take advantage of the initiative boost, but it’ll make Sneak Attack easier to qualify for and makes the Monk an even better Skirmisher.
Sorcerer (2) – Sorcerer works pretty well for picking up a few things: spell-wise, Shield is a fantastic choice, as is Magic Missile if you’re lacking a ranged option. If you want to run a lower Wis build then Draconic Sorcerer can help with your AC, and Shadow can give you superior Darkvision if you need some help in the dark. However my suggestion would be the Divine Soul; Favored by the Gods is a very handy ability that recharges on a short rest, and access to Cleric spells gives you a better choice for your cantrips/leveled spells.
Warlock (2) – Short rest spell slots and subclass abilities at 1st level make this a great dip despite needing another stat to qualify. For invocations, Fiendish Vigor is fantastic for making you more tanky and any Shadow Monk would love Devil’s Sight. For a patron, Fiend can offer up some temp hp (though unreliably), Celestial can offer you some healing, and Great Old One can give you telepathy– which is just neat.
Wizard (1) – Int requirement and needing two levels to get something really worthwhile makes this a hard pass for the most part. The only notable exception is if you want to invest the levels to get War Magic; Arcane Deflection is a great defensive ability and won’t hinder the majority of Monks like it does a full Wizard.
Hopefully, this guide has helped you reach enlightenment regarding your next Monk character, and you’re looking forward to punching your way to saving the world. If you need help getting a game going to play your newly-built Monk, check out this article here. Good luck out there, adventurers, and if in doubt, apply your forehead to the problem at speed.